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Tools & Strategies for Law Enforcement Officers

Missing person cases can be complex, multijurisdictional issues with many underlying conditions and challenges. Below are some resources for law enforcement officers on investigations, technology and strategies that can be used in these challenging cases.

Investigative Resources

  • The Communities of Interest Fact (COI) Sheet describes how the Law Enforcement Enterprise Portal (LEEP) and COIs can assist law enforcement and intelligence experts.
    • Violent Crime Apprehension Program (ViCAP) available in LEEP, is a repository for behavioral and investigative information related to homicide, sexual assault, missing persons and unidentified human remains cases.
    • WHOIS LE Portal, available in LEEP, is a tool that provides sworn law enforcement access to website owner information and other unredacted information.
  • The DNA Testing 101 fact sheet with infographic contains information about DNA screening, testing, workflow and reporting procedures.
  • The Understanding DNA Testing and Reporting fact sheet provides information on forensic DNA testing and reporting, including using previously tested evidence.
  • The Forensic Genetic Genealogical DNA Analysis and Searching Fact Sheet explains how forensic genetic genealogy is used to investigate leads for unsolved violent crimes.
  • The JusticeConnect Fact Sheet describes JusticeConnect, a criminal justice network available on LEEP that facilitates information sharing, partnership development and project management for federal, state, local, Tribal and territorial partners in a secure environment.
    • The JusticeConnect Operation Lady Justice COI is a place where law enforcement and intelligence experts from multiple jurisdictions can store and share information on MMIP.

Guides and Resources to Address Missing Persons

FBI Resources

  • The CODIS/NDIS Fact Sheet offers frequently asked questions about the FBI’s Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) and National DNA Index System (NDIS). Discussion about the Bureau’s National Missing Persons Program begins at #44.
  • The Child Abduction Rapid Deployment (CARD) Team is a part of the FBI’s Crimes Against Children Program. CARD provides on-the-ground investigative, technical and resource assistance to state and local law enforcement. CARD offers a Child Abduction Response Plan (CARP) to guide investigative efforts. CARP handbooks are provided to Tribal law enforcement through FBI field offices. 
  • The Endangered Child Alert Program (ECAP) is a part of the FBI’s Endangered Child Alert Program. ECAP is a proactive approach to identifying unknown individuals involved in the sexual abuse of children and the production of child sexual abuse material.
  • The FBI’s Indian Country Crime page provides an overview of the FBI’s Indian Country Crime program.
  • The Handbook of Forensic Services provides guidance and procedures for safe and efficient methods of collecting, preserving, packaging and shipping evidence and describes the forensic examinations performed by the FBI’s Laboratory Division. These labs are available for Tribal law enforcement to utilize.
  • The FBI’s Evidence Response Team Unit (ERTU) page provides information about the traditional and hazardous evidence collection capabilities of the Evidence Response Teams (ERTs), Hazardous Evidence Response Teams (HERTs), Hazardous Evidence Response Components (HERCs), Underwater Search and Evidence Response Teams (USERTs) and Forensic Canine Program. ERTU offers law enforcement partners resources and expertise.
  • Regional Computer Forensic Laboratories are full-service forensics laboratory and training centers devoted to the examination of digital evidence in support of criminal investigations.
  • National Domestic Communications Assistance Center (NDCAC) is a DOJ hub for technical knowledge management and solution sharing for law enforcement agencies. NDCAC strengthens law enforcement's relationships with the communications industry.
Date Created: October 12, 2021